Preoperative Injections May Be an Iatrogenic Cause of Reoperation After Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair.

Purpose

To determine whether an association exists between preoperative shoulder injections and reoperations in patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (aRCR).

Methods

The PearlDiver Patient Records Database was reviewed for Humana-insured patients undergoing aRCR after a shoulder injection. Two matched groups were created: aRCR within 1 year of injection (n = 12,054) and aRCR without prior injection within 1 year of surgery (n = 12,054). Reoperation rates within 3 months, at 3 to 6 months, and at 6 to 12 months postoperatively were assessed. Statistical analysis was performed with the χ-square test.

Results

The rate of reoperation within 3 months of the index procedure was higher in the control group (3.7% vs 3.1%, P = .01); however, 3 to 6 months after the index procedure, the rate of reoperation was higher in patients who received an injection within 1 year of the index procedure (1.8% vs 1.4%, P = .03). During the same intervals, the rate of revision rotator cuff repair (RCR) within 3 months of the index procedure was higher in the control group (2.9% vs 2.6%) and the rate of revision RCR 3 to 6 months after the index procedure was higher in patients who received an injection within 1 year of the index procedure (1.1% vs 0.9%); however, these results were not statistically significant (P = .3 and P = .8, respectively). The incidence of revision RCR (1.6% vs 1.1%; odds ratio, 1.4; P = .003) and incidence of subacromial decompression (1.5% vs 1.1%; odds ratio, 1.3; P = .01) 6 to 12 months after the index procedure were significantly higher in patients receiving an injection within 1 year before surgery.

Conclusions

Preoperative shoulder injections may increase the risk of revision RCR and subacromial decompression by up to 150% in patients 6 to 12 months after index surgery compared with patients who did not receive a preoperative injection. However, the absolute increase in these revision procedures is only 0.5%.

Level Of Evidence

Level III, comparative study.