To determine whether an association exists between preoperative shoulder injections and reoperations in patients undergoing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (aRCR).
The PearlDiver Patient Records Database was reviewed for Humana-insured patients undergoing aRCR after a shoulder injection. Two matched groups were created: aRCR within 1 year of injection (n = 12,054) and aRCR without prior injection within 1 year of surgery (n = 12,054). Reoperation rates within 3 months, at 3 to 6 months, and at 6 to 12 months postoperatively were assessed. Statistical analysis was performed with the χ-square test.
The rate of reoperation within 3 months of the index procedure was higher in the control group (3.7% vs 3.1%, P = .01); however, 3 to 6 months after the index procedure, the rate of reoperation was higher in patients who received an injection within 1 year of the index procedure (1.8% vs 1.4%, P = .03). During the same intervals, the rate of revision rotator cuff repair (RCR) within 3 months of the index procedure was higher in the control group (2.9% vs 2.6%) and the rate of revision RCR 3 to 6 months after the index procedure was higher in patients who received an injection within 1 year of the index procedure (1.1% vs 0.9%); however, these results were not statistically significant (P = .3 and P = .8, respectively). The incidence of revision RCR (1.6% vs 1.1%; odds ratio, 1.4; P = .003) and incidence of subacromial decompression (1.5% vs 1.1%; odds ratio, 1.3; P = .01) 6 to 12 months after the index procedure were significantly higher in patients receiving an injection within 1 year before surgery.
Preoperative shoulder injections may increase the risk of revision RCR and subacromial decompression by up to 150% in patients 6 to 12 months after index surgery compared with patients who did not receive a preoperative injection. However, the absolute increase in these revision procedures is only 0.5%.
Level III, comparative study.