To investigate the relationship between the spinal sagittal alignment and arc of pelvic motion from standing to sitting in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis following pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO).
AS patients who underwent PSO for thoracolumbar kyphosis from January 2016 to July 2018 were recruited. EOS standing and sitting images were obtained pre- and postoperatively. Radiographic parameters were measured on the sagittal radiographs, including lumbar lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, sacral slope, sagittal vertical axis (SVA), spinosacral angle, anterior pelvic plane angle (APPA) and knee flexion angle.
Thirty-six patients were enrolled. From standing to sitting, APPA was increased by a mean of 14.7° (P < 0.001) and 3.0° (P = 0.083) before and after surgery, respectively. The increase in APPA from standing to sitting was correlated with the standing SVA (R = 0.592, P < 0.001) preoperatively. After PSO, the change in APPA was correlated with the change in SSA in both the standing and sitting position (R = 0.381, P = 0.022 and R = 0.667, P < 0.001, respectively). The APPA from standing to sitting was decreased in 11 patients with standing C7 plumb line posterior to the femoral head postoperatively.
In AS patients, pelvic orientation was adjusted by the global spinal alignment. When planning total hip arthroplasty for AS patients, global spinal alignment should be considered to improve the joint stability.