Impact of Wide-Awake Local Anesthesia No Tourniquet on Departmental Settings, Cost, Patient and Surgeon Satisfaction, and Beyond.
This article reviews the impact of wide-awake hand surgery without tourniquet on departmental settings and savings on patients' medical cost, and efficiency of fellowship training and practice of junior hand surgeons in 3 units in 3 countries. The medical cost of the commonly performed procedures is decreased remarkably with this approach in the 3 units. Hand surgery fellowship training and practice of junior surgeons are benefited from this approach in 2 units in Turkey and Switzerland. Overall, this approach improves the surgeons' and patients' quality of life and its application is expanding to almost all procedures of hand surgery.