The Canadian Model for Instituting Wide-Awake Hand Surgery in Our Hospitals.

Clinic-based hand surgery performed under local anesthetic has been steadily increasingly performed in Canada for 50 years. The drive for its development stems from the Canadian health care system's finite funding structure and resources. Benefits have extended far beyond cost and garbage reduction. It has resulted in greatly improving patient care by increasing comfort and safety with the elimination of sedation, the tourniquet, night surgery, and by improving access to care. This article details the rationale and development of clinic-based hand surgery from a Canadian perspective and provides tips and strategies for other centers looking to implement a similar clinic.